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Shot Spread

The exact spread of the shot is determined by a constriction or narrowing at the muzzle called "a choke."

Full choke produces a tight pattern. suitable for longer ranges. Pattern is too dense and small for hunting at close range.

 

Modified choke produces a more open pattern, suitable for medium ranges. Recommended for upland hunting.

Improved cylinder produces an even more open pattern, suitable for short ranges. At longer ranges, the shot pattern is too thin to ensure hits.

Cylinder bore produces the most open pattern, suitable for shortest ranges. At longer range, pattern is too thin to ensure hits.

 

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