"Habitat" is a key concept of
wildlife conservation. It is the place where an organism lives within
a community. You might think of an animal's habitat as its "home"
or its "address" in the community. Habitats can be very different
in size, from a small pond (for a tadpole) to an entire forest (for an
elk). But no matter what kind of animal you're talking about, its habitat
must have four essential things: 1. Food
2. Water 3. Cover 4. Space
Arrangement of Habitat
The four elements of habitat must be arranged so that the animal can use
them. For example, if the only source of water is across an interstate
highway, chances are good that the animal will be hit by a car or truck.
There might be enough water in this habitat, but the arrangement of it
will make it difficult for the animal to survive.
The Importance of Habitat
Each species of animal has its own habitat requirements. It seems obvious
that wild animals need adequate habitat to survive. Yet many people don't
understand the vital role of habitat, even though they are eager to protect
animals. Without protecting habitat, protecting individual animals becomes
meaningless. If animals do not have suitable habitats, they will die.
about types of habitat