"Wildlife Management" is the science and art of monitoring the numbers of animals in various wildlife populations, and then making adjustments to the populations and their habitats in order to keep the populations at healthy levels over a long time.
Wildlife management is based on understanding how animals, their environment and people interact. Some of the tools used by wildlife managers include habitat protection and improvement, harvest regulations (hunting seasons and bag limits) and wildlife protection (harvest restrictions, refuge areas, etc.).
The goal of wildlife management is to allow the wise use of wildlife resources, while ensuring that wildlife populations do not become threatened, endangered or extinct.
To be successful, wildlife managers need to know two very important things: 1. the amount of habitat available and 2. how many animals live there. They must know about the quality of the available habitat and the animals that depend on that habitat to survive.