Guide to Wildlife Identification
Black-tailed deer are smaller
than either mule deer or white-tailed deer.
Mature Columbia black-tailed
bucks (males) weigh from 105 to 200 lb. (48 to 90 kg) and does
(females) weigh between 90 to 140 lb. (40 to 65 kg).
Sitka blacktails are even smaller.
Distribution in North America:
in the Pacific Northwest, especially in Oregon, Washington, and
front: 2 1/2" x 3 1/2"
hind: 2 1/2" x 3 1/2"
- Old-growth forests are important for coastal blacktails,
as the habitat provides shelter and forage, and also stops buildups
of deep, heavy snow.
- In the southern parts of their range, old growth is
less important due to abundant open areas and milder climate. Blacktails
are browsers in winter and early spring and then mix in grasses and
a wide variety of herbs, as well as browse, in summer and fall.
- Winter ranges are often shared with Roosevelt elk.
- Smallest of the three native deer species (mule, black-tailed,
- Sitka blacktail is smaller than Columbia blacktail.
- Antlers in forked pairs, like mule deer.
- Both subspecies have smaller ears than mule deer.
- Almost no rump patch with wide, black-surfaced tail.
- Light face and muzzle but forehead not dark.
- When startled, will run with high, stiff-legged bounce,
like mule deer
More information on this species
Be sure to check local regulations
for hunting or trapping information on this species.